Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)

References & Sources


  1. Teasdale G, Jennett B (1974). “Assessment of coma and impaired consciousness. A practical scale”. Lancet. 2 (7872): 81–4. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(74)91639-0. PMID 4136544.
  2. “What’s new – Glasgow Coma Scale”. Retrieved 2018-06-24.
  3. Russ Rowlett. “Glasgow Coma Scale”. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  4. Hutchinson’s clinical methods 22nd edition
  5. “The Glasgow Coma Scale: clinical application in Emergency Departments”. Emergency Nurse. 14 (8): 30–5. 2006. doi:10.7748/en2006.
  6. “Resources data” (PDF).
  7. Gill M, Windemuth R, Steele R, Green SM (2005). “A comparison of the Glasgow Coma Scale score to simplified alternative scores for the prediction of traumatic brain injury outcomes”. Ann Emerg Med. 45 (1): 37–42. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2004.07.429. PMID 15635308.
  8. Green S. M. (2011). “Cheerio, Laddie! Bidding Farewell to the Glasgow Coma Scale”. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 58 (5): 427–430. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2011.06.009. PMID 21803447.
  9. Iver, VN; Mandrekar, JN; Danielson, RD; Zubkov, AY; Elmer, JL; Wijdicks, EF (2009). “Validity of the FOUR score coma scale in the medical intensive care unit”. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 84 (8): 694–701. doi:10.4065/84.8.694. PMC 2719522. PMID 19648386.
  10. Fischer, M; Rüegg, S; Czaplinski, A; Strohmeier, M; Lehmann, A; Tschan, F; Hunziker, PR; Marschcorresponding, SC (2010). “Inter-rater reliability of the Full Outline of UnResponsiveness score and the Glasgow Coma Scale in critically ill patients: a prospective observational study”. Critical Care. 14 (2): R-64. doi:10.1186/cc8963. PMC 2887186. PMID 20398274.


  • Teasdale G, Murray G, Parker L, Jennett B (1979). “Adding up the Glasgow Coma Score”. Acta Neurochir Suppl (Wien). 28 (1): 13–6. doi:10.1007/978-3-7091-4088-8_2. PMID 290137.
  • Meredith W, Rutledge R, Fakhry SM, Emery S, Kromhout-Schiro S (1998). “The conundrum of the Glasgow Coma Scale in intubated patients: a linear regression prediction of the Glasgow verbal score from the Glasgow eye and motor scores”. J Trauma. 44 (5): 839–44, discussion 844–5. doi:10.1097/00005373-199805000-00016. PMID 9603086.


Another Lost Stories :


Subscribe for FREE Monthly eDigest

* indicates required

Please Leave Your Comment ..